Leiomyomas

Uterine Fibroids

Fibroids can be a severe detriment to your life. If you’re visiting us, you’re probably experiencing the symptoms of fibroids and are interested in learning more about how they can be treated. You’re not alone – up to 80% of women will develop uterine fibroids before they reach the age of 50!

What are uterine fibroids?

Among patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids, a recent study noted that over 56% had heavy menstrual bleeding, 37% experienced fatigue and weakness, 35% had pain during sex, and 35% noticed irregular periods.

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are non-cancerous growths on the uterus that affect premenopausal women. These growths appear on the muscular walls of the uterus and can range from pea to grapefruit size.

Although fibroids are non-cancerous, they can still cause many problems in women depending on their size and location. The larger fibroids can cause pain and urinary issues by compressing other structures found in the abdomen and pelvis region. When fibroids are unfavorably located, they can be found in the uterine canal and cause excess bleeding during menstruation.

What types of uterine fibroids are there?

Four types of uterine fibroids may form in the uterus: intramural, pedunculated, submucosal, and subserosal fibroids. Women can develop one or more types of fibroids at any time. Each type may cause different symptoms.

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Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids are the most common fibroids found in the uterus. These fibroids grow in the uterine wall and can grow to very large sizes if left untreated. Some women have many intramural fibroids growing in the same region. Pelvic or lower back pain and abnormal bleeding may result from this fibroid type.

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Pedunculated Fibroids

Pedunculated fibroids grow from stem-like structures (called peduncles) on the wall of the uterus or inside the cavity of the uterus. Quick movements may cause the peduncle to twist and cut blood flow, resulting in intense pain.

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Submucosal Fibroids

Submucosal fibroids, the rarest type of fibroid, form under the uterine lining where they may crowd the uterine cavity. This type of fibroid may cause excessive bleeding and other significant complications.

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Subserosal Fibroids

Subserosal fibroids grow on the outer uterine wall. Large growths in this region can crowd nearby organs and cause discomfort or pain.

Can fibroids become cancerous?

Uterine fibroids are almost always benign, or non-cancerous. Current understanding by the medical community is that utrerine fibroids do not become cancerous, or turn from benign to cancerous if they are not treated. Therefore, having these benign fibroids does not increase the risk of developing uterine cancer.

The Risk

Based on recent studies, the risk of a fibroid being cancerous is approximately 1 in 400. However, many doctors and experts disagree with this estimate and believe that the risk is actually much lower, closer to 1 in every 2000 women with fibroids.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Now that you have learned about what uterine fibroids are and the multiple different types, continue on to see the symptoms and how to diagnosis it.

The fastest and easiest way to get evaluated and treated with Uterine Fibroid Embolization in the Mid South

Find out if you are a candidate for uterine fibroid embolization by scheduling your consultation with Dr. Zeni and Zenith Health & Aesthetics today.